Carbon footprint analysis in plastics manufacturing ,

The emission factor for the Irish grid was based on medium voltage electricity generation in the Ecoinvent database (Swiss Centre for Life Cycle Inventories, 2010) The emission factor for LDPE bags was sourced from DEFRA (2008), while the emission factors for cardboard, LDPE stretch wrap and pallets were based on data from Ecoinvent Diesel ....

TECHNICAL SUPPORT DOCUMENT DRAFT/PROPOSED AIR ,

Imperial Plastics Incorporated (IPI or the facility) operates a plastic parts manufacturing plant in Mora, Minnesota The facility's operations include injection molding, spray painting, sanding, grinding, boilers, and several small natural gas combustion sources (eg, ovens and furnaces) The facility has taken limits...

Emission Factor Documentation for AP-42 Section 412 ,

VOC emissions from processes using polyester resins in the fabrication of plastics products, AMTB became aware of the report of a study per- formed in California to develop VOC emission factors for these process Pacific Environmental Services, Inc (PES) was contracted to ,...

Potential to Emit Workbook: Part 2: How to Calculate ,

As you identify emission sources, remember to include all sources of air contaminants, such as non-production units like welding or grinding Also, be sure to include the emission of air contaminants resulting from all aspects of the operation of a process Ancillary activities such ,...

Documentation for Greenhouse Gas Emission and Energy ,

scrap copper, aluminum into scrap aluminum, and plastic into ground plastic as an input to asphalt manufacturing The data source used to develop these emissions factors is a 2002 report published by Franklin Associates, Limited (FAL) on energy and GHG emission factors for the manufacture and end-of-life management of PCs...

3 Greenhouse Gas Emissions from the Plastics Processing ,

Greenhouse gas emissions are considered as either direct emissions, as a result of combustion of fuel at the plastics processing facility, or indirect emissions, as a result of fossil-fuel combustion required to generate the electricity used by the plastics processing facility The factors used to estimate the emissions of CO 2, CH 4 and N 2 O ....

AP-42: Compilation of Air Emissions Factors | Air ,

of emission factors based on pre-blast () abrasive composition data5 This paper will present newly developed emission factors for abrasive materials based on airborne data Two studies were extensively used for particulate matter data and composition data...

Report Quantifies Energy and Emissions for Injection ,

Processing energy and emissions at the plastic fabrication step Complete cradle-to-gate LCI results for thermoformed plastics products are presented in terms of energy requirements, solid waste, and atmospheric and waterborne emissions The report was produced by Franklin Associates, A Division of Eastern Research Group...

Emission Estimation Technique Manual

The accuracy of particular EETs is discussed in Section 44 Emission Factors NPI emissions in the environmental context It should be noted that the NPI reporting process generates emission estimates only It does not attempt to relate emissions to potential environmental impacts, bioavailability of emissions, natural background levels etc...

Air Emission Factors for Metals Finishing Operations

Air Emission Factors for Metals Finishing Operations Glenn A Zinkus, Zinkus Consulting Group and Kevin Klink, CH2M HILL It is widely known that limited air emission factor data related to electroplating and metals finishing operations are available In recent years, EPA has published AP-42 emission factors related to certain...

Emission Factor Documentation for AP-42 Section 412 ,

Emission Factor Documentation for AP-42 Section 412 Manufacture of Rubber Products Final Report For US Environmental Protection Agency Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards...

Emission Factor Documentation for AP-42 Section 1126 Talc ,

----- EMISSION FACTOR DOCUMENTATION FOR AP-42 SECTION 1126 Talc Processing 1 INTRODUCTION The document Compilation of Air Pollutant Emission Factors (AP-42) has been published by the U S Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) since 1972...

What Is the Carbon Footprint of a Plastic Bottle? | Sciencing

Jun 11, 2018· What Is the Carbon Footprint of a Plastic Bottle? , For example, truck transportation causes more carbon dioxide emissions than rail shipping , Given that production of plastic resin is usually the major contributor to the carbon footprint of a plastic bottle, recycling can reduce carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gasses by an estimated ....

ENGINEERING EVALUATION / FACT SHEET

estimated PM emission from grinding is deemed necessary for this permitting action Compression Formed FRP Products The facility has two compression machines (composite molding presses) The applicant provided emission estimates based on the Unified Emission Factors (UEF) developed by the American Composites Manufacturing Association...

carbonfootprint - Emissions Factors for Carbon Life ,

To search for an emissions factor, enter a search word into the box and press the Search button If you wish, you can also tick one or more categories to filter the search results to factors in those categori Once you have found the factor you require, press the Add button to add it to your basket...

Greenhouse gas emission factors for recycling of source ,

Whilst previous studies have been undertaken to develop GHG emission factors (EF) for materials recycling, they are generally insufficient to support decision-making due to a lack of transparency or comprehensiveness in the range of materials considered...

Emission Estimation Technique Manual

31 Emissions to Air 8 311 Emission Factors for Releases to Air 15 32 Emissions to Water 18 33 Emissions to Land 18 40 GLOSSARY OF TECHNICAL TERMS AND ABBREVIATIONS 19 50 REFERENCES 20 APPENDIX A - EMISSION ESTIMATION TECHNIQUES 21 A1 Direct Measurement 22 A11 Sampling Data 22 A12 Continuous Emission Monitoring System (CEMS) Data 25...

Clarification and Guidance for the Metal Fabrication Industry

----- ERRATA SHEET for Section 313 Reporting: Issue Paper Clarification and Guidance for the Metal Fabrication Industry Published by Office of Toxic Substances, US ,...

EIIP Vol II, CH 11: Preferred and Alternative Methods for ,

of the Emission Inventory Improvement Program and for Roy Huntley of the Emission Factor and Inventory Group, US Environmental Protection Agency Members of the Point Sources , EIIP Vol II, CH 11: Preferred and Alternative Methods for Estimating Air Emissions from Plastic Products Manufacturing...

Plastics-to-Fuel Manufacturing Emissions Study

Plastics-to-Fuel and Petrochemistry (PTFP) facilities produce fuels and chemistry products , Act because its emissions would fall below the emissions levels which trigger need for a permit , Plastics-to-Fuel Manufacturing Emissions Study ....

Particulate Matter (PM) Emission Factors December 2014 For ,

Particulate Matter (PM) Emission Factors December 2014 For Processes/Equipment at Asphalt, Cement, Concrete, and Aggregate Product Plants This document provides emission factors for estimating total suspended particulate matter (PM) emissions (not PM 10) for individual emission source at aggregate (sand and gravel), brick...

Guidelines for Calculating Emissions

Emission = Throughput x Emission Factor Equation 1 The unit for annual throughput must be consistent with the unit of emission factor For styrene and MMA emissions from polyester resin operations, the emission factors are determined using styrene and/or MMA contents in the resins and equations in Tables 1 or 2 Operators are encouraged to...

Preferred and Alternative Methods for Estimating Air ,

preferred method for estimating emissions from surface coating operations and Section 5 presents the alternative emission estimation techniqu Quality assurance and control procedures associated with the emission estimation methods are described in Section 6 Coding procedures used for data input and storage are discussed in Section 7...

Plastics Processing

Plastics processing covers a broad range of operations Several of the more common processes include: blow molding, calendaring, compression molding, cutting, grinding on plastics, heat sealing, injection molding, plastic casting, plastic curing, plastic extrusion, plastic machining and plastic welding...

GENERAL PERMIT 111 TEMPLATE TUB GRINDER C ,

Permit Number: [Permit Number] Facility ID: [Facility ID] Working Copy of a Permit in Progress Page 1 of 7 GENERAL PERMIT 111 TEMPLATE TUB GRINDER C Emissions Unit Terms and Conditions Note: The following are the terms and conditions for a General PTIO to be issued to a non-Title V facility...

Particulate Matter (PM) Emission Factors December 2014 For ,

Particulate Matter (PM) Emission Factors December 2014 For Processes/Equipment at Asphalt, Cement, Concrete, and Aggregate Product Plants This document provides emission factors for estimating total suspended particulate matter (PM) emissions (not PM 10) for individual emission source at aggregate (sand and gravel), brick...

Emission Factors for Greenhouse Gas Inventories

Emission Factors for Greenhouse Gas Inventories Typically, greenhouse gas emissions are reported in units of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO 2e) Gases are converted to CO 2e by multiplying by their global warming potential (GWP) The emission factors listed in this document Source: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Fourth Assessment...

AP 42 Section 44 Polyester Resin Plastic Products Fabrication

Polyester Resin Plastic Products Fabrication - Related Information; AP 42 Section 44 Polyester Resin Plastic Products Fabrication - Related Information May 1, 2008 Table 44-2 Emission Factors For Uncontrolled Polyester Resin Product Fabrication Processes was updated with the following footnote:...

Preferred and Alternative Methods for Estimating Emissions ,

available emissions estimation methods: stack sampling, emission factors, continuous emissions monitoring systems, and material balance Section 4 presents the preferred methods which differ depending on the process and pollutant for which an estimate is to be made Section 5 presents the alternative methods Quality assurance...

Preferred and Alternative Methods for Estimating Emissions ,

available emissions estimation methods: stack sampling, emission factors, continuous emissions monitoring systems, and material balance Section 4 presents the preferred methods which differ depending on the process and pollutant for which an estimate is to be made Section 5 presents the alternative methods Quality assurance...